ANÁLISE DA PERDA DE PESO EM PACIENTES SUBMETIDOS A CIRURGIA BARIÁTRICA: REVISÃO SISTEMÁTICA DE LITERATURA

Authors

  • Lucas Bottesini dos Santos
  • Eduardo Barbosa Lopes
  • Cristianne Confessor Castilho Lopes
  • Suellen Balbinoti Fuzinatto
  • Maykon Ribeiro
  • Guilherme Lange
  • Viviane Dorgievicz
  • Éder Ricardo Haag
  • Yan Fincatto
  • Vanessa Macrhy

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.56083/RCV4N5-053

Keywords:

cirurgia bariátrica, benefício de longo prazo, gastrectomia, estudos prospectivos

Abstract

A obesidade é um problema de saúde pública do século XXI, afetando milhões de pessoas globalmente. Essa condição, resultado de uma combinação complexa de fatores biológicos, ambientais e socioeconômicos, vai além da aparência física, causando comorbidades e impactando o bem-estar físico, mental e social. A cirurgia bariátrica, uma opção para casos graves e crônicos, objetiva reduzir o tamanho do estômago ou modificar o sistema digestivo, promovendo perda de peso e melhorias na saúde, porém requer avaliação e acompanhamento rigorosos. A obesidade tem implicações profundas para a saúde pública e a economia, exigindo políticas governamentais que promovam estilos de vida saudáveis e campanhas de conscientização. Este trabalho revisa a literatura sobre a perda de peso após cirurgia bariátrica, analisa fatores associados, complicações e estratégias pós-cirúrgicas, visando contribuir para uma sociedade mais saudável e resiliente diante dos desafios da obesidade. Foi conduzida uma pesquisa sistemática da literatura, encontrando 28 artigos atendiam aos requisitos e utilizavam termos relacionados à perda de peso após cirurgia bariátrica. A perda de peso após cirurgia bariátrica é influenciada por fatores interligados, destacando-se a adesão rigorosa às orientações médicas, a qual promove uma perda de peso mais sustentada ao longo do tempo. Diversos procedimentos cirúrgicos, como bypass gástrico e gastrectomia vertical, também exercem impacto significativo na perda de peso pós-operatória. O acompanhamento pós-operatório, liderado pelo médico, desempenha papel crítico, permitindo ajustes estratégicos e identificação de desafios. Além do monitoramento físico, o apoio emocional do médico é essencial, considerando as mudanças psicológicas e emocionais dos pacientes após a cirurgia. A análise das pesquisas revela o papel crucial do médico como parte fundamental da equipe multidisciplinar que guia o paciente ao longo do processo cirúrgico, desde a avaliação até a fase pós-operatória. Essa relação influencia a adesão às orientações, prevenção de complicações e obtenção de resultados bem-sucedidos. As limitações dos estudos incluem falta de padronização nos métodos de avaliação e dados retrospectivos, o que pode gerar vieses. A ausência de acompanhamento a longo prazo também limita a avaliação dos resultados. Futuras pesquisas podem se concentrar em estudos prospectivos com critérios uniformes e amostras maiores, além de explorar fatores genéticos, microbiota, marcadores oxidativos e inflamatórios. Estratégias de acompanhamento, manutenção de peso e impactos psicossociais também merecem investigações, enriquecendo a compreensão global dos efeitos da cirurgia bariátrica.

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Published

2024-05-15

How to Cite

Santos, L. B. dos, Lopes, E. B., Lopes, C. C. C., Fuzinatto, S. B., Ribeiro, M., Lange, G., Dorgievicz, V., Haag, Éder R., Fincatto, Y., & Macrhy, V. (2024). ANÁLISE DA PERDA DE PESO EM PACIENTES SUBMETIDOS A CIRURGIA BARIÁTRICA: REVISÃO SISTEMÁTICA DE LITERATURA . Revista Contemporânea, 4(5), e4260. https://doi.org/10.56083/RCV4N5-053

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